The Archive of Articles on Peaceful Societies includes a sampling of works published as articles in research journals and as chapters in academic books. The articles included in the archive analyze the lives of the people living in the peaceful societies, the conditions that foster their peaceful beliefs and social conditions, and, more broadly, the nature of peacefulness. Some of these articles are quite recent and discuss the changes that have occurred in the societies over the course of decades of study, while others, several decades old, focus on social, cultural, and psychological conditions in the societies that may no longer be present in the same ways.
We expect this selection of scholarship to grow steadily richer over time, and we hope that it will inspire people to carefully study peacefulness from the perspective of societies that are already peaceful. We also hope it will provide readings for academic courses in the social sciences and peace studies. The articles included in this archive elaborate on the many different ways these societies avoid conflict, maintain respectful gender relations, and raise peaceful children. Above all else, these works are fascinating to read.
The Table of Contents below lists articles by author, by peaceful society, and by broad topics. The listing of the articles by topics does not, of course, capture the complexities and nuances of the articles it includes under the broad terms. More detailed subjects discussed in the articles can be found by searching the website with the Google search bar. Hint: once a term or terms have been entered into Google and the results are displayed, the Advanced Search option can then be used to obtain more precise results.
An overview of the purposes and plans for this Archive can also be found in the news release of June 9, 2005.
Biesele, Megan and Nancy Howell. 1981. ‘The Old People Give You Life’: Aging among !Kung Hunter-Gatherers
Bonta, Bruce. 1996. Conflict Resolution Among Peaceful Societies: The Culture of Peacefulness
Briggs, Jean L. 1994. ‘Why Don’t You Kill Your Baby Brother?’ The Dynamics of Peace in Canadian Inuit Camps
Briggs, Jean L. 2000. Conflict Management in a Modern Inuit Community
Dentan, Robert Knox. 1968. Semai Response to Mental Aberration
Dentan, Robert Knox. 2001. Ambivalences in Child Training by the Semai of Peninsular Malaysia and Other Peoples
Draper, Patricia. 1975. !Kung Women: Contrasts in Sexual Egalitarianism in Foraging and Sedentary Contexts
Draper, Patricia. 1976. Social and Economic Constraints on Child Life among the !Kung
Draper, Patricia. 1992. Room to Maneuver: !Kung Women Cope with Men.
Endicott, Karen Lampell. 1981. The Conditions of Egalitarian Male-Female Relationships in Foraging Societies
Endicott, Kirk. 1988. Property, Power and Conflict among the Batek of Malaysia
Fry, Douglas P. 1992a. `Respect for the Rights of Others Is Peace’: Learning Aggression Versus Nonaggression among the Zapotec
Fry, Douglas P. 1992b. Female Aggression among the Zapotec of Oaxaca, Mexico
Fry, Douglas P. 1994. Maintaining Social Tranquility: Internal and External Loci of Aggression Control
Gardner, Peter M. 1991. Pragmatic Meanings of Possession in Paliyan Shamanism
Gardner, Peter M. 2000. Respect and Nonviolence among Recently Sedentary Paliyan Foragers
Howell, Nancy. See Biesel, Megan and Nancy Howell. 1981.
Howell, Signe. 1989. ‘To Be Angry Is Not To Be Human but To Be Fearful Is’: Chewong Concepts of Human Nature
Lee, Richard B. 1978. Politics, Sexual and Non-Sexual in an Egalitarian Society
Lutz, Catherine. 1990. Morality, Domination and Understandings of ‘Justifiable Anger’ among the Ifaluk
Munch, Peter A. 1964. Culture and Superculture in a Displaced Community: Tristan da Cunha
Munch, Peter A. and Charles E. Marske. 1981. Atomism and Social Integration
Overing, Joanna. 1989. Styles of Manhood: An Amazonian Contrast in Tranquility and Violence
Robarchek, Clayton A. 1977. Frustration, Aggression, and the Nonviolent Semai
Robarchek, Clayton A. 1979. Conflict, Emotion, and Abreaction: Resolution of Conflict among the Semai Senoi
Robarchek, Clayton A. 1981. The Image of Nonviolence: World View of the Semai-Senoi
Robarchek, Clayton A. 1997. A Community of Interests: Semai Conflict Resolution
Robarchek, Clayton A. and Carole J. Robarchek. 1992. Cultures of War and Peace: A Comparative Study of Waorani and Semai
Robarchek, Clayton A. and Carole J. Robarchek. 1998. Reciprocities and Realities: World Views, Peacefulness, and Violence among Semai and Waorani
Sponsel, Leslie E. 1996. The Natural History of Peace: A Positive View of Human Nature and Its Potential
Willis, Roy. 1989a. The ‘Peace Puzzle’ in Ufipa
Chewong. Howell 1989
Fipa. Willis 1989a
Ifaluk. Lutz 1990
Piaroa. Overing 1989
Aged. Biesele and Howell 1981
Aggression. Robarchek 1977
Anger. Lutz 1990
Atomism. Munch and Marske 1981
Cooperation and Competition. Munch and Marske 1981
Possession. Gardner 1991
Property. Endicott 1988
Shamanism. Gardner 1991