Contents of the Archive by Author

Contents of the Archive by Society

Contents of the Archive by Broad Topic



The Archive of Articles on Peaceful Societies includes a sampling of works published as articles in research journals and as chapters in academic books. The articles included in the archive analyze the lives of the people living in the peaceful societies, the conditions that foster their peaceful beliefs and social conditions, and, more broadly, the nature of peacefulness. Some of these articles are quite recent and discuss the changes that have occurred in the societies over the course of decades of study, while others, several decades old, focus on social, cultural, and psychological conditions in the societies that may no longer be present in the same ways.

We expect this selection of scholarship to grow steadily richer over time, and we hope that it will inspire people to carefully study peacefulness from the perspective of societies that are already peaceful. We also hope it will provide readings for academic courses in the social sciences and peace studies. The articles included in this archive elaborate on the many different ways these societies avoid conflict, maintain respectful gender relations, and raise peaceful children. Above all else, these works are fascinating to read.

The Table of Contents below lists articles by author, by peaceful society, and by broad topics. The listing of the articles by topics does not, of course, capture the complexities and nuances of the articles it includes under the broad terms. More detailed subjects discussed in the articles can be found by searching the website with the Google search bar. Hint: once a term or terms have been entered into Google and the results are displayed, the Advanced Search option can then be used to obtain more precise results.

An overview of the purposes and plans for this Archive can also be found in the news release of June 9, 2005.



Biesele, Megan and Nancy Howell. 1981. ‘The Old People Give You Life’: Aging among !Kung Hunter-Gatherers

Bonta, Bruce. 1996. Conflict Resolution Among Peaceful Societies: The Culture of Peacefulness

Briggs, Jean L. 1994. ‘Why Don’t You Kill Your Baby Brother?’ The Dynamics of Peace in Canadian Inuit Camps

Briggs, Jean L. 2000. Conflict Management in a Modern Inuit Community

Dentan, Robert Knox. 1968. Semai Response to Mental Aberration

Dentan, Robert Knox. 2001. Ambivalences in Child Training by the Semai of Peninsular Malaysia and Other Peoples

Draper, Patricia. 1975. !Kung Women: Contrasts in Sexual Egalitarianism in Foraging and Sedentary Contexts

Draper, Patricia. 1976. Social and Economic Constraints on Child Life among the !Kung

Draper, Patricia. 1992. Room to Maneuver: !Kung Women Cope with Men.

Endicott, Karen Lampell. 1981. The Conditions of Egalitarian Male-Female Relationships in Foraging Societies

Endicott, Kirk. 1988. Property, Power and Conflict among the Batek of Malaysia

Fry, Douglas P. 1992a. `Respect for the Rights of Others Is Peace’: Learning Aggression Versus Nonaggression among the Zapotec

Fry, Douglas P. 1992b. Female Aggression among the Zapotec of Oaxaca, Mexico

Fry, Douglas P. 1994. Maintaining Social Tranquility: Internal and External Loci of Aggression Control

Gardner, Peter M. 1991. Pragmatic Meanings of Possession in Paliyan Shamanism

Gardner, Peter M. 2000. Respect and Nonviolence among Recently Sedentary Paliyan Foragers

Howell, Nancy. See Biesel, Megan and Nancy Howell. 1981.

Howell, Signe. 1989. ‘To Be Angry Is Not To Be Human but To Be Fearful Is’: Chewong Concepts of Human Nature

Lee, Richard B. 1978. Politics, Sexual and Non-Sexual in an Egalitarian Society

Lutz, Catherine. 1990. Morality, Domination and Understandings of ‘Justifiable Anger’ among the Ifaluk

Munch, Peter A. 1964. Culture and Superculture in a Displaced Community: Tristan da Cunha

Munch, Peter A. and Charles E. Marske. 1981. Atomism and Social Integration

Overing, Joanna. 1989. Styles of Manhood: An Amazonian Contrast in Tranquility and Violence

Robarchek, Clayton A. 1977. Frustration, Aggression, and the Nonviolent Semai

Robarchek, Clayton A. 1979. Conflict, Emotion, and Abreaction: Resolution of Conflict among the Semai Senoi

Robarchek, Clayton A. 1981. The Image of Nonviolence: World View of the Semai-Senoi

Robarchek, Clayton A. 1997. A Community of Interests: Semai Conflict Resolution

Robarchek, Clayton A. and Carole J. Robarchek. 1992. Cultures of War and Peace: A Comparative Study of Waorani and Semai

Robarchek, Clayton A. and Carole J. Robarchek. 1998. Reciprocities and Realities: World Views, Peacefulness, and Violence among Semai and Waorani

Sponsel, Leslie E. 1996. The Natural History of Peace: A Positive View of Human Nature and Its Potential

Willis, Roy. 1989a. The ‘Peace Puzzle’ in Ufipa



Batek. Endicott 1981, Endicott 1988

Chewong. Howell 1989

Fipa. Willis 1989a

Ifaluk. Lutz 1990

Inuit. Briggs 1994, Briggs 2000

Ju/’hoansi. Biesele and Howell 1981, Draper 1975, Draper 1976, Draper 1992, Lee 1978

Paliyan. Gardner 1991, Gardner 2000

Piaroa. Overing 1989

Semai. Dentan 1968, Dentan 2001, Robarchek 1977, Robarchek 1979, Robarchek 1981, Robarchek 1997, Robarchek and Robarchek 1992, Robarchek and Robarchek 1998

Tristan Islanders. Munch 1964, Munch and Marske 1981

Zapotec. Fry 1992a, Fry 1992b, Fry 1994



Aged. Biesele and Howell 1981

Aggression. Robarchek 1977

Anger. Lutz 1990

Atomism. Munch and Marske 1981

Child Raising. Briggs 1994, Dentan 2001, Draper 1975, Draper 1976, Fry 1992a

Comparing Peaceful and Less Peaceful Societies. Fry 1992a, Gardner 2000, Overing 1989Robarchek and Robarchek 1992, Robarchek and Robarchek 1998

Conflict Resolution. Bonta 1996, Briggs 2000, Robarchek 1979, Robarchek 1997

Cooperation and Competition. Munch and Marske 1981

Gender Issues. Draper 1975, Draper 1992, Endicott 1981, Fry 1992b, Lee 1978, Overing 1989

Illness. Dentan 1968, Gardner 1991

Leadership. Lee 1978, Lutz 1990, Munch 1964

Nonviolence. Briggs 1994, Fry 1994, Gardner 2000, Howell 1989, Lutz 1990, Overing 1989Robarchek 1977Robarchek 1981, Sponsel 1996, Willis 1989a

Politics. Lee 1978,  Munch 1964

Possession. Gardner 1991

Power. Endicott 1988, Lee 1978

Property. Endicott 1988

Respect. Fry 1992a, Gardner 2000

Shamanism. Gardner 1991

Sharing. Endicott 1988, Lee 1978